Flora and fauna
Kopački rit Nature Park has been designated in the List of Wetlands of International Importance established under the Ramsar Convention in 1993, because of its great biological diversity. Download here (736 kb) for complete overview of the flora and fauna in Kopački rit.


The main factor of the rich plant diversity in Kopački rit is its micro relief structure. On one side, there are different types of forests and on the other side aquatic and marsh vegetation can be found.
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Molluscs (Mollusca) are part of a large number of species and forms belonging to the invertebrate group. Today an estimated number of 50.000 mollusc species live on Earth. Molluscs inhabit all areas on Earth apart from polar areas and mountains.
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Insects (Insecta) are the most numerous group of animals. They live in all kinds of biotopes and belong to the most significant members of the community because they participate in maintaining the balance of different eco-systems.
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Forty-four freshwater fish species have been recorded in Kopački rit but it is assumed that the area could have even sixty different species. Even nine species were brought into the Park while the other thirty-five are autochthonous species.
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Eleven species of amphibians have been recorded in the Nature Park, that is, 55% of the total 20 species present in Croatia. All of these species are related to marshes and wetlands because of their specific biological structure.
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Ten species of reptiles have been recorded in Kopački rit: one turtle species, four species of lizards, and five species of snakes. The reptile fauna originates from Central Europe.
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Up to now, 293 bird species have been recorded in Kopački rit, which makes up 78,1% of the total bird fauna in Croatia (375 species).

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According to the present research of mammals, 54 species live in Kopački rit, which makes up more than half of the total number of known species in Croatia.

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